Bunkai - Application (interpretation) of kata techniques
Sambon Kumite - Three-step sparring
Jiyyu Ippon Kumite - Semi-free one-step sparring
Hai - Yes
Maai - Distance
Naote - Relax
Ippon Kumite - One-step sparring Gohon Kumite - Five-step sparring Jiyyu Kumite - Free sparring Kiai - Spirit shout/focus of spiritual energy Mokuso - Meditate Osu - 'I understand and will try my best.' Also used to show respect and enthusiasm. Embarrassing if used outside of the dojo!